There are six things that every muslim should believe in (also known as the Six Articles of Faith):
- Allah: as the one and only God.
Islam came to Prophet Muhammad at a time where there was much ignorance and idol worshipping was common, to the extent that the Holy Kabah was used as a shrine where the idol 'Gods' were displayed.
The Quran was revealed to stop people from worshipping multiple gods and remind them that there is just one God, the same God that had spoken to Jesus (Isa) and Moses (Musa) then spoke to Muhammad to reconvey His message.
- The Holy Quran: as Allah's holy book and everything that Quran says.
- Muhammad SAW: as the messenger of Allah.
HISTORY OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD
Prophet Muhammad was the last prophet sent by Allah, and was the founder of Islam.He was born in 570 CE in the city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. He was orphaned at a young age and was brought up by his uncle, later worked mostly as a merchant, and was married by age 26.Discontented with life in Mecca where idol worshipping was common, he used to retreat to caves in the surrounding mountains for meditation and reflection.It was in one of these caves that at age 40, in the month of Ramadan, he received his first revelation from Allah through the angel Jibrain (Gabriel). Three years after this event Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to Him (lit. islām) is the only way (dīn) acceptable to God, and that he, Muhammad, was a prophet and messenger of God, in the same vein as Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus, and other prophets. Muhammad gained few followers early on, and was largely met with hostility from the tribes of Mecca; he was treated harshly and so were his followers.To escape persecution Muhammad and his followers migrated to Madinah (then known as Yathrib) in the year 622. This historic event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Madinah, Muhammad managed to unite the conflicting tribes, and after eight years of fighting with the Meccan tribes, his followers, who by then had grown to ten thousand, conquered Mecca.In 632 a few months after returning to Madinah from his Farewell pilgrimage, Muhammad fell ill and died. By the time of his death most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam.
- Angels: created by Allah from light to worship and serve him as well as watch over his people.
We cannot see the angels because they are made of things which our eyes cannot see. Angels are created by Allah, just as man and everything else has been created by Him. Angels obey Allah and are His servants, and they never disobey him, so they never commit any sins. They perform many tasks and keep the world in being by obeying Allah's commands.Allah has created Angels out of light and they do not eat or drink, they are characterized by neither feminine or masculine, and they do not tire. Some spend their entire existence in Ruku', others in Sujood. And then when the Judgement is called they will raise their heads and say: "Glory be to you, our Lord, we did not worship you in a way befitting your Majesty." We do not know their exact number since there are so many.
- Predestination: the belief that Allah chooses our destiny for us and is watching and controlling everything.
The belief in predestination has been the subject of many debates, arguing whether a person is therefore responsible for his actions if Allah has already willed that person to be a certain way. Others refute that though Allah has predestined all things, a person can change their destiny, for instance a muslim who doesn't practice his faith and Allah has sentenced him to Hell, if that person tries to become a better muslim and be more devout, Allah can change that persons destination to Paradise, if he wills.
All final decisions rest with Allah.
- The Day of Judgement: the day when every person that ever lived will account for their deeds and be sent to Paradise or Hell.
According to Sunnah, the Dajjal (the Deceiver), the Mahdi (the Guided One) and Prophet Jesus (Isa) will be on Earth the days preceding the Day of Judgement. The Dajjal will mislead people and the Mahdi will precede the coming of Jesus and will fight for Islam.
The event of the Last Day will begin by the blowing of Israfil's horn, and people will go through various stages before they meet the almighty Allah. There will be a gathering on a white, vast featureless ground, and be called on by Allah where the angels will recount the person's good and bad deeds. According to these, Allah will judge whether the person should go to Paradise or Hell to abide in forever in the afterlife.
To deny any of these is considered Shirk (Disbelief), which means to associate other things with Allah, and Shirkis considered the one thing that the all-Merciful Allah will not forgive on the Day of Judgement (Quran: 4:48).
Inter-Islam - www.inter-islam.org
Inter-Islam - www.inter-islam.org